Crash Course: Literature

2013, Society  -   89 Comments
Ratings: 7.00/10 from 15 users.

Why do we read? What's the point of reading critically. John will argue that reading is about effectively communicating with other people.

Unlike a direct communication though, the writer has to communicate with a stranger, through time and space, with only "dry dead words on a page." So how's that going to work?

John Green examines Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare. John delves into the world of Bill Shakespeare's famous star-crossed lovers and examines what the play is about, its structure, and the context in which it was written. Have you ever wanted to know what iambic pentameter is?

He explores F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel of the Jazz Age, The Great Gatsby. John introduces you to Nick Carraway, Jay Gatsby, Daisy and Tom Buchanan, and the other characters in the novel, and tries to look beyond the surface story to figure out what this thing is ABOUT.

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89 Comments / User Reviews

  1. collegegirl

    your documentation is awesome, I'm doing one too for our project, what do you call the colorful stripe ones that appears, is that a video loop or an animation that you made yourself, can i have the name or copy of it? thanks :D pretty please?

  2. Johntechwriter

    This guy wears me out. His manic persona is creepily calculating. And to rush things along faster, the time he takes to breathe or separate phrases is edited out.

    So I must ask: If his audience is too ADHD to wait through the taking of a breath, how are they going to manage Faulkner?

    My guess is, they won't. Instead they'll go to sites populated by other panderers. There they will find, for a price, predigested book reports that will get them through their courses without having to actually, you know, read anything.

  3. Johntechwriter

    It's not Bill Shakespeare, it's Will Shakespeare.

  4. Tiara Holman

    I just got through reading My Sister's Keeper by Jodi Picoult.

  5. bringmeredwine

    I TRIED to watch this doc, but it just wasn't my thing.
    John Green speaks way too fast for my poor little brain.

  6. Mike Huhndorf

    This guy is tiresome! The content of what he says is okay but too fast in delivery. I listened about 10 minutes and had enough! I was really looking forward to watching it but I don't want to sit through 80 minutes of machine gun coming at you speech.

  7. Mike Huhndorf

    This guy is tiresome! If he would just talk in normal voice and cadence he would at least be tolerable.

  8. borat

    it is better if we teach our young to read books about the physical world and real events, instead of imaginary stories. we let them read pinocchio and alice in wonderland, and then get surprised when they do not understand the world around them.

    1. robertallen1

      Obviously you have no appreciation of literature. I certainly wouldn't want you as a parent.

    2. borat

      i wouldn't want you as a parent either, we just have different outlooks on life, no need to fight. you wouldn't like your kids to know why the grass is green, the skies are blue, what objects are made of, how long does it take the earth to revolve around the sun, what stars are made of, and how did humans and animals evolved over time?

    3. robertallen1

      DId I imply that?

    4. borat

      no, you didn't. but if your kids will read mostly fiction books, i suspect they will have a distorted view of reality, like most of us. it is very hard to separate truth from fiction when most of the information that comes into your brain is unreliable.the same goes for Hollywood movies and video games.both are dealing with imaginary world that has no connection to reality.

    5. bringmeredwine

      Of course kids should have access to nonfiction books; Such books can be so interesting and kids' sponge-like brains will readily absorb so much useful information.
      On the other hand, fictional stories make great entertainment, and can help kids relax and decompress when they need a break.
      Don't you think?

    6. borat

      is it entertainment and relaxation or hiding away from reality? what do you think?

    7. bringmeredwine

      Hi Borat!
      In a sense, (for me), walking in the woods near my home is a great escape from the demands made on me by reality such as bills and family problems and the state of the rest of the world.
      Watching a beaver, chipmunks, deer ; seeing the joy on my dog's face; listening to the tall trees swaying in the breeze; it's my greatest high!

    8. bringmeredwine

      Borat, I am such a twit! I thought I was answering a question from another thread about where I live!
      I think kids need to escape from reality once in awhile, just like adults do.
      When I was young I was picked on all the time and hated school. Doing my own thing and immersing myself in fiction gave me the energy to face the next day.
      I'm sure other children are going through the same problems that I did.
      Of course, non-fiction books were awesome too. I loved learning new things that were never discussed at school.

    9. borat

      you are correct. fiction books and novels are a great short term solution. but if we want to address the problem at the source we should ask: why did we hated school? why do some kids pick on other kids? do kids hate to learn new things about how the world works? do they hate science or is it just our broken education system? why reality is so hard to face and can we correct that?

    10. bringmeredwine

      Hi Borat, remember our last discussion about reading fiction?
      I just watched a BBC doc on TDF called "Why Reading Matters".
      It explains lots of stuff about how the brain reacts to reading and the benefits to the brain from reading fiction.
      Neurologists have done research and this became a very interesting doc.
      Thought you might like to take a look at it, too.

    11. borat

      I've seen it a while ago. i'll give it another watch tonight, thanks.

    12. Imightberiding

      Huh? Imagination & creativity really sucks doesn't it?

    13. borat

      no. it's great when connected to the real world, and when it does not distort the way life and the world really works. otherwise, it is just white lie and make believe...

    14. robertallen1

      So by your logic, a child should not read "Alice in Wonderland." How idiotic.

    15. Jack1952

      Absolute nonsense. I read any and every book I could get my hands on as a child, including Pinocchio and Alice in Wonderland. I am about as pragmatic and down to earth a person that you will ever find. Never, ever, did I believe that Narnia actually existed or that there were real walking plants called Triffids. Reading teaches you to think, to use your mind to understand how others think, no matter where they're from, real or unreal. The most logical and discerning people I know were readers as children and they read all genres, including fantasy. Some of the most brilliant minds in scientific research today got their start reading science fiction. It piqued their curiosity and opened their minds to the immense possibilities life has to offer. It is obvious from your post that you were not a reader as a child and you have no appreciation or understanding of the best that literature has to offer.

    16. borat

      again, each and every one of us read fantasy books as a child because that was the norm. you and i were able to differentiate between the real and the unreal despite reading fiction. that's like putting weights on your leg and then trying to run with them and after that you can say "i was able to run with weights". listen, jack!!: 90 percent of the population believes in the UN-natural world: ghosts, channeling, palm reading, astrology, god etc.. in the 21st century that should worry rational people like us.

    17. robertallen1

      First of all, what is the source of your statistic? Second, even assuming it is correct, are you attempting to show a cause and effect relationship between that statistic and the reading of fiction?

    18. borat

      reading of fiction is just a part of it, albeit a big one. tv, movies, and the general culture of believing something without evidence are others.

    19. robertallen1

      Non-responsive. What is the source of your statistic and assuming it is correct, what evidence do you have any causation.

    20. borat

      the source is myself.i asked a lot of people questions about their believes and got answers.between 80-90% said they believe at least in one form of an UN-natural phenomena.this is basically how statistical analysis is done.the only difference is i did not publish it in any journal.i must admit i do not have evidence of causation,because it is extremely hard to connect the two together. it's a hunch

    21. Jack1952

      There is a difference between readers and people who read. I consider myself a reader. Many of my friends and contemporaries read but limit themselves to genres and literature that validate preconceived beliefs. They would never attempt to read the classics, biographies, science or history books. They seem to prefer the fluff of pop culture which has its moments but is generally formula driven and hopelessly redundant.

      Growing up I read Twain, Melville, C.S. Lewis, Seton, Asimov and Dafoe. My friends read the Hardy Boys and westerns. They thought science fiction weird and the concept of allegory was completely foreign to them. They read but were not readers like I was and they would agree with me. Strangely, most of them are religious, including one who became a missionary, and I am not.

      The reason I mention this is to lead into your stat of ninety percent believing in some sort of supernatural existence. I don't dispute that the percentage is high but I warrant that you will find that the higher the education level or literary level of their reading preference the less inclined they are to believe in the metaphysical. The higher academics in science are quite often the atheists. This implies a reading background. I do think the belief in the supernatural has more to do with human psychology than whether one reads fantasy or not. Education rids us of other worldly beliefs and reading is the core of a good education.

    22. robertallen1

      And note that every great (or even excellent) writer of the last three centuries was an avid reader--and I'm hard pressed to name one writer of the caliber of James, Howells, Wharton, Balzac, Dostoevsky Hawthorne, Kafka, Wells who was an academic.

    23. Jack1952

      True enough but although not all readers become academics, most academics were and are avid readers.

    24. robertallen1


    25. borat

      agreed.but the thing about the academics being atheists is that they are scientifically literate. that's the key.its all about what books you read.i would never say to someone don't read twain or asimov or Dostoevsky.their message is powerful.i just think that kids readings should be built with layers upon layers of books.the core should be science, history, biography etc.. and after that fantasy and Romans.who am i to tell someone not to read fantasy if it gives them enjoyment.i just think that one should always be aware of the fine line between reality and fantasy. there is a big debate about violence and weapons in movies and video games and their affects on would be a fool to conclude that there is no affect on kids.another point is to understand that publishing companies are no different in a sense than other media conglomerates, and constantly trying to shape values and control public opinion. so any book from the last 60 years should be taken with a grain of salt(not the classics that you mentioned of course).again, it is only my opinion that there is a deliberate attempt to keep the mass population as disconnected from reality as possible, but i'm not saying people should not read Romans and fantasy books.

    26. Jack1952

      The saying "You can lead a horse to water, but you can't make him drink" would apply here. Those books are available to everyone. They tried to force us to read them in school. Yet, most people my age do not remember reading them or if they do they couldn't tell you what it is they read. Interest comes from within. All that can be done is allow freedom of access and hope the average person takes advantage. Unfortunately, many do not take part in intellectual discourse or are incapable of understanding the topic at hand if they tried. Their brain is not hard wired that way.

    27. robertallen1

      Did you ever read "Charlotte's Web" or "Centerbury Tales?"

    28. Jack1952

      I read "Charlotte's Web" to my kids and I only read segments of "Canterbury Tales". My cousin, who was a university student at the time, brought a copy on a visit and I read as much of it as I could before he went home. I grew up in a very small town and our school and town library were very small and limited.

      My daughter also became an avid reader and loved the fantasy books written in the nineties growing up. However, she is very sceptical of all religious and supernatural beliefs. Her husband, a non reader growing up, gets caught up in conspiracy theories and the UFO disclosure stuff. My daughter has encouraged him to read the classics and strangely enough, over the years, he seems to have developed a more sceptical view of the things that used to interest him. I can't prove his new reading material had anything to do with his scepticism but it surely didn't hurt.

    29. robertallen1

      Sorry, I meant "Centerburg Tales" of Robert McCloskey.
      I'm glad you read "Charlotte's Web" to your kids--talking animals aside (but what the Aesop), what a fine introduction to life and what a wonderful way to give the lie to Borat.
      P.S. I assume you also read "Stuart Little" to your children as well.

    30. bringmeredwine

      I understand what you're saying, but kids need a fantasy life too, before reality sets in and ruins everything. Their lives will be difficult enough as they grow up, you know?
      I wish I still believed in Santa and the Tooth Fairy.

    31. borat

      we can change reality for the good, if we first understand it

    32. bringmeredwine

      That's true; I can learn things that can help my own reality, but I can only use this knowledge so far to aid the rest of the world. I take baby steps.
      I can help my community and the people I know with this knowledge; but not the rest of the world.

    33. oQ

      Kinda funny you choose the name Borat....imaginary story you say?

    34. borat

      you prove my point. you form an opinion without checking the in the books you read- a 5 letter word create a false association in your brain that is disconnected from reality, i haven't even watch the movie/ i don't watch Hollywood movies

    35. oQ

      what evidence?
      borat and an annonymous photo
      What is your evidence of the books i read?

  9. Imightberiding

    Womeo & Juwiette is a weally wonderful wove stowy!

    I enjoy these Crash Course programs (kind of like Cole's notes on history, literature & other interesting topics) but the young Mr. Green seems so intent on rushing through his material so as not to bore the children of today that he either forgets his pronunciation skills or inadvertently reverts to childhood pronunciation in his haste to entertain young minds. Maybe just an unfortunate speech impediment in an otherwise very intelligent & educated young man.

    Over all I think this series is worth watching for anyone interested in brushing up on their high school subject matter. Always a good thing when a person commits to teaching others. His relative youth, perhaps few years of experience & life adventures does unfortunately come through in his presentations & as a result rings a little hollow at times. Just a little bit like a student reciting what they learned in school.

    Book learnin'? Who's got time for book learnin'?

    Hi, my name is Imightberiding & I am a bookoholic. Yes, it's shameful but true. I am addicted to books & reading. If I am not able to relax in the evening, sit back & enjoy several chapters of the latest book I am reading, I go into withdrawal. Must . . . Read . . . Every . . . Day!

    1. robertallen1

      And just what types of books do you read?

    2. Imightberiding

      I am anything but an intellectual but of course I have all the authors from "The Lost Generation". Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Joyce, Behan & the lot as well as many other authors & titles in the literary field. As many of the "classics" as I can find. At last count I was well past 3000 books in my "library". Graham Greene is also a favorite.

      I enjoy a good biography. Heaps of financial, research, theological & self help (mostly from the past) packed in boxes now.

      Mostly I just enjoy escapism through good suspense, thriller & crime fiction. One of my all time favorite authors is Elmore Leonard. Carl Hiaasen writes a little like Leonard, a real kick in the pants. The writing team Preston & Child are good too. Enjoyed all of Lee Child's books as well. All the usual suspects in the above genres both best sellers & lesser known. Actually, Anthony Bourdain has written some good fiction as well as autobiographical stuff. Just a good wholesome way to spend a couple hours a day escaping my miserable existence for a fleeting moment.

      How about you? Any suggestions? Always up for a good read.

    3. robertallen1

      How about Henry James?

    4. Imightberiding

      Like him very much & as far as I know, I have all of his titles as well. Thanks for the suggestion though. I honestly have a tough time finding anything new even at my local library that interests me. Often have to order from the main branch.

      I have started the library route because I have come to realise the enormous amount I have spent over the years on books. Borrowing just isn't the same for me though. If I like an author, I must include him/her in my collection. I'm a little compulsive when it comes to that actually. I do not feel satisfied until I own every title by an author I like. Of course this satisfaction quickly dies as I eagerly await their next novel.

      I should include some Canadian authors as well. Love, love, love Ian Hamilton & his Ava Lee series. Enjoyed Douglas Coupland & Cormac Macarthy's books as well. I just gave in & picked up Ian Hamilton's latest offering at my favorite book store earlier this afternoon.

      Just wanted to add, as much as I enjoy reading, their are a few authors I enjoy listening to even more. Christopher Hitchens comes to mind with his rich baritone voice & whit. 'Twas a sad day for mankind on his passing. Another great loss to avid readers, television & movie buffs alike was the passing of Robert B. Parker (the Spenser & Jesse Stone series) a couple years ago.

      Too much to list. I'll stop now while this is still on topic. (Reading & literature as per the doc).

      Are you a book fan/reader too? Seems as though hardly anyone reads these days. Always interested in authors & titles I'm not familiar with. Cheers.

    5. robertallen1

      I'll give you a baker's dozen plus one to try off the top of my head:
      1. Lucian - a True Story
      2. Trollope - the Eustace Diamonds
      3. Pynchon - V
      4. Maturin - Melmoth the Wanderer
      5. James - The Sacred Font
      5. Stevenson - The Master of Ballantrae
      6. Wilson - The Lions of the Lord
      7. Huysmans - Against the Grain
      8. Wharton - The Custom of the Country
      9. Wells - Tono Bongay
      10.Goncharov - Oblomov
      11. Saltykov-Schedrin - The Golovlovs
      12. Kuprin - the Duel
      13. Storm - The Rider on the White Horse
      14. Stendahl - The Red and the Black
      I could go on.

    6. Imightberiding

      I know, I know. Where to stop? At a glance I know for certain I already have 5 or 6 or so of those titles but I shall look back on my shelves & boxes to confirm, save this list & then run out & find the rest.

      Thank you my like minded friend. I could go on & on, much longer than would be appropriate but I thank you for the suggestions. Oooh! I am so happy right now!

      Both you & Jack1952 made much sense in your replies to borat & of course listed all the authors that I neglected that are very important to read.

      I just took a short break from my new novel to check my email. As addictive this wonderful new internet is, with all the videos offered on sites such as this excellent one, I still enjoy time with my books.

      As Jack1952 touched on, they truly can provide an avenue of awareness & conversion for anyone seeking. Thanks again & good reading.

      * Quick edit: Don't know for certain but many spark a recollection of authors & titles from my memory. The rest I eagerly anticipate. I have often picked up a novel from the library only to return home & find I had read it a couple years earlier. Middle age & failing memory. Who would have thought such a thing could happen?

    7. Imightberiding

      I just now wrote down all your suggestions on a note pad to take with me to book stores & the library.

      I have to admit, even though several of these titles are very familiar to me & I am certain I already own several of them, with the climate of the internet I wouldn't be surprised if you punked me just to investigate the sincerity of my stated obsession with reading. Just can't recall all these at the moment & many of my books are packed away in boxes.

      I will trust your offer of titles as genuine & continue my love affair with reading. Please do not take personal offense at my suspicions. Wouldn't it feel good to out a pretentious poser in front of god & everyone?

      Hopefully much of my time in the near future will be spent reading your suggestions. Cheers mate. Again, no offense intended. I'm just surprised I don't recognise several of those authors & titles. You are definitely well read & have been one of few people recently to stump me & offer fresh suggestions. For this I thank you.

    8. robertallen1

      To prove that I'm not punking you, as you put it, ask me anything you want about any of the titles listed, including why I listed them.

    9. Imightberiding

      Almost as soon as I posted that last remark I realised my foolishness. The list you provided could most certainly be vetted on the internet. I guess I still haven't learned to think that way.

      Computers were not yet available when I was in school & I learned to type on an actual typewriter. (You younger people have probably seen these contraptions at your grandparents' home or else in a museum.)

      I shall still cling to my list & visit book stores & the library. I was just caught in a brief moment of: "Is he trying to catch me out?" I never doubted for a moment your integrity. One can read your comments & plainly see that. It was me that I feared you were toying with. (Would I say I had all those titles only to be exposed when you revealed you made them all up?)

      I still pretty sure 5 or so are familiar but I have yet to confirm that they are amongst my motley collection of books. If I own it, I have read it.

      Please forgive my suspicions. No offense was intended towards you. It is my own lesser education & insecurities showing through. Cheers.

    10. robertallen1

      No offense taken. However, I bet that I'm older than you--and I too learned to type on an actual typewriter, a manual as a matter of fact.
      Again, I suggest the Gutenberg project for at least some of the books. Once again, you may ask you anything you wish about the books I have listed--as a matter of fact, about any authors or literary works which come to mind.
      But to get back, just how old are you?

    11. Imightberiding

      Sorry for the delay in my response. Enjoying my latest novel.

      Just turned 50 about 3 weeks ago. You?

      *Edit: When you said: "I bet I'm older than you" I had to smile & thought: "Oh yeah! Well my dad could beat up your dad!"

    12. robertallen1

      65. I guess your dad is older than I.

    13. Imightberiding

      I've always been young for my age if not just immature. Thought the classic childhood taunt was funny at the time.

      My mother passed away several years ago & my father is now in his 80's. I'll calm down now & pay more attention in the future. I have no doubt i could learn a lot from you & others on this site. That is mainly why I visit here as often as I do. Always more to learn.

      Thanks again for the list of books.

    14. robertallen1

      Any time. Keep posting.

    15. robertallen1

      Some of these are on the Gutenberg Project site.

    16. Pysmythe

      Speaking of Canadian Literature, my daughter's middle-name is Anne (note, with an 'e'). Any guesses as to what child-heroine she's named after?

    17. Imightberiding

      I wouldn't dare presume it had anything to do with the colour green & the triangular shape of a structure of a house/building that supports a roof line.?.

      Quick edit/addition: Beautiful name by the way. Same as my first wife. Lovely woman.

    18. Pysmythe

      Lol, that's quite an imaginative answer!

    19. Imightberiding

      I just deleted my next question for you: Was she really named for Anne of Green Gables?

      Alas I have a small confession to make. My first wife was really Ann. No "E". I know, I'm a bad boy but it still is almost the same name. My real name has two different spellings & it really does make all the difference especially if you have historical issues about your heritage (ie: Scots vs English).

      Yes, the "E" at the end of Ann does add a little something special.

      Just now stepping outside for one of my awful closet smokes & to continue my excellent new novel. Cheers.

    20. Pysmythe

      Yes, she really was. The character of Anne Shirley is one of the most captivating (and funny) I've ever encountered anywhere, and, like you guys, I've read a lot. Had my mother's name not been Ann, though, it probably wouldn't have occurred to me to make the connection... or I would've gone with whatever else it was, instead of naming her that.

      edit- It's a little surprising to me, but I do think Ann is actually the more common spelling...

      edit 2- Lol, "more common"... I just remembered that Anne Shirley would've found that very apt and funny...

    21. Pysmythe

      Especially with that 'e'. The feisty little orphan convinced me that it really does make all the difference.
      (In truth, 'Ann' was also my mother's middle-name, so she's actually named after both.)

    22. robertallen1

      Anne of Green Gables?

    23. Pysmythe

      Yes, indeed.

    24. robertallen1

      That's how Dawn Bechtel got her stage name from the name of the heroine, Anne Shirley.

    25. Kateye70

      I tried to watch one of the other Crash Course videos and couldn't handle the enthusiasm for more than a few minutes, lol.

      I see your addiction to books and raise it with my replacement addiction to World of Warcraft. Fantasy wins! 3D fantasy with flight wins more!

    26. Imightberiding

      I find the mind much more vivid.

    27. bringmeredwine

      I cannot read enough books!
      They are such an escape!
      Without docs and piles of books, I'd go crazy living in this redneck town!!!
      Now I shall mind my own business and check out this doc.

    28. robertallen1

      And which redneck town is that?

    29. bringmeredwine

      North Bay, ON

    30. Imightberiding

      Robertallen1 beat me to the exact same question. I would only add to it: Why do people in North Bay have rednecks?

      I could easily look on a map, but where exactly in Ontario is North Bay? I flew into Toronto on business once for about 10 days years ago but that was my only visit to your beautiful province.

      Oh & yes, books, books & more books please! I don't think you were poking into anything that was not your business. It would be safe to say that once something is posted on a public forum it becomes anyone's business who is interested in the topic & cares to participate in the conversation.

      Just have to say one more time, I really like your demanding but equally playful & creative name.

    31. bringmeredwine

      North Bay is about 380 kilometers north of Toronto.
      It's a "city" of 54,000, and sits along the sandy banks of Lake Nipissing.
      We are surrounded by rocky hills, which are covered with coniferous trees, birches and maples.
      Unless you are outdoorsy, there is little entertainment or culture.
      I love the fact that some woods are a mere 5 minute walk from my door, and a sandy beach is a 10 minute walk.

    32. Imightberiding

      Thanks. Sounds like a good destination for a lover of the outdoors. Sorry to hear about the lack of other entertainment & culture.

      I don't envy your winters. I live in the relatively benign although very damp climate of the west coast. It is also a world destination for all manners of outdoor activities. The moderately cultured, very pretty & quaint city of Victoria is where I make my home.

    33. bringmeredwine

      My ancient parents live in Sidney.

    34. Imightberiding

      Nice little community. Marinas & docks with close access to many of the Gulf Islands if one is a sailor or has a boat of any kind.

      It is very much a retirement minded town. I know of many who live there in retirement. Close to the airport & ferries to the mainland. Mild climate & I guess easy access to the aforementioned connections make it easier to stay connected with family.

    35. robertallen1

      So you want more books, O.K.

      1. Through the Alimentary Canal with Gun and Camera, George S. Chappell
      2. Ain't Angie Awful, Gilette Burgess
      3. The Night the Old Nostalgia Burnt Down , Frank Sullivan
      4. Acres and Pains - S. J. Perelman
      5. My Brother Was an Only Child - Jack Douglas
      6. Memoirs of Midget - Walter de la Mare
      7. Crazy Fool - Donald Ogden Stewart
      8. In the Worst Possible Taste - Cory Ford
      9. Three Men in a Boat (To Say Nothing of the Dog) - Jerome K. Jerome
      10.From Bed to Worse - Robert Benchley

    36. Imightberiding

      Oh no! I actually meant that as an encouragement for bringmeredwine & others to keep on reading.

      Oh course your list is much appreciated. I am immediately familiar with 4 of them. I will add these to my previous list from you but now I will never have time to watch anymore docs for the next month or two.

      You realize of course that you are complicit in contributing to & feeding my addiction.?.

      Thanks again. Cheers mate.

  10. dextrase

    To John Green: ‘I was standing on top of a hill’, is not in the passive, but is the past continuous form of the verb. Nor is ‘I had just got back from ...’ in the passive voice; it's in the past perfect tense.

    1. robertallen1

      In this country, we call it the imperfect.

  11. dmxi

    since it's 'birth' some 7thousand years ago in sumeria & it's real boom via gutenbergs printing technique reading is 'unnatural' to the human physique...causing pain & aches due to being bound in uncomfortable position(s) & straining eyes....but hell,it's worth it as it spurns the fantasy & shares priceless knowledge !

    1. bringmeredwine

      So true!
      I learned to read before I started school and I haven't stopped since.
      It seemed like the most natural thing in the world to do.
      I used to hang out in the library on rainy days and would stay up all night reading on my bedroom floor, by my little night light.

  12. oompaul

    What's with him? He's on speed? Why doesn't he just speak properly? Imagine being stuck with this i*iot next to you on a long haul flight!

  13. Alan

    Literatur is hella impotant, thats all i gots to say