Water is now becoming a scarce resource. Throughout man's history, stretching back to prehistoric times, no one would have thought that water would disappear and dry up. It was a resource that no one ever really worried about. People have taken it for granted; big rivers and our great oceans always make it seem like there's plenty of water on the planet. And while technically there is, the percentage of what is potable and safe for human consumption is a lot smaller than we think.
With the ongoing scarcity, people will inevitably fight over ownership of territories that still have water supplies. This happened in the past when Pakistan and India fought over the Indus River System water rights, and a treaty had to be brokered by the World Bank in 1960 to ensure that both countries would have fair use of the resources. But with water levels dropping worldwide, experts are concerned about how it will affect geopolitical relationships.
The film outlines the different industries and sectors that use the most water. For example, Big Tech like Microsoft and more use up so much water when producing computer parts and cooling their servers. Many of the world's wealthiest people are also investing in water, either buying territories where water sources can be found or investing in other companies that already own these rights.
Then, of course, the food service industry consumes so much water, and Coca-Cola is one example. They take water that is already scarce and bottle it up to sell that even people who live in the area need to pay for their water; they can, technically, get it for free.
The agricultural sector is another big water user vital to growing crops and raising livestock. Raising cattle especially needs a large amount of water. In Western Canada's prairie pastures, a severe drought has forced many farmers to give up their cattle. And back in India, farmer suicide is on the rise. They can no longer successfully grow the number of crops they used to in the very fertile Punjabi farmlands because there is a water shortage. India has the fastest rate worldwide of groundwater loss.
Conversations now include: Who owns the earth? Who owns the land? The thought of owning water and the right to use it seems a very foreign concept that sadly might soon be a reality. Water will get harder to come by, and the demand will continue to grow.
How should water be split among people, tech, farmers, and even the federal government? People will want more water for themselves, inciting wars and battles. And though adapting to changes to lessen consumption might be hard for many, it is inevitable we learn.
Directed by: Daniel Harrich